class WaveFile::Reader

Provides the ability to read sample data out of a wave file, as well as query a wave file about its metadata (e.g. number of channels, sample rate, etc).

When constructing a Reader a block can be given. All data should be read inside this block, and when the block exits the Reader will automatically be closed.

Reader.new("my_file.wav") do |reader|
  # Read sample data here
end

Alternately, if a block isn't given you should make sure to call close when finished reading.

reader = Reader.new("my_file.wav")
# Read sample data here
reader.close

Public

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Public Class Methods

new(io_or_file_name, format=nil) { |self| ... } click to toggle source

Returns

Returns a Reader object that is ready to start reading the specified file's sample data.

io_or_file_name

The name of the wave file to read from, or an open IO object to read from.

format

The format that read sample data should be returned in (default: the wave file's internal format).

Returns a Reader object that is ready to start reading the specified file's sample data. Raises Errno::ENOENT if the specified file can't be found Raises InvalidFormatError if the specified file isn't a valid wave file

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 32
def initialize(io_or_file_name, format=nil)
  if io_or_file_name.is_a?(String)
    @io = File.open(io_or_file_name, "rb")
    @io_source = :file_name
  else
    @io = io_or_file_name
    @io_source = :io
  end

  @closed = false

  begin
    riff_reader = ChunkReaders::RiffReader.new(@io, format)
  rescue InvalidFormatError
    raise InvalidFormatError, "Does not appear to be a valid Wave file"
  end
  
  @data_chunk_reader = riff_reader.data_chunk_reader

  if block_given?
    begin
      yield(self)
    ensure
      close
    end
  end
end

Public Instance Methods

close() click to toggle source

Closes the Reader. After a Reader is closed, no more sample data can be read from it. Note: If the Reader is constructed from an open IO instance (as opposed to a file name), the IO instance will not be closed. You'll have to manually close it yourself.

Returns

Returns nothing. Raises ReaderClosedError if the Reader is already closed.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 142
def close
  if @closed
    raise ReaderClosedError
  end

  if @io_source == :file_name
    @io.close
  end

  @closed = true
end
closed?() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns true if the Reader is closed, and false if it is open and available for reading.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 131
def closed?
  @closed
end
current_sample_frame() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns the index of the sample frame which is “cued up” for reading. I.e., the index of the next sample frame that will be read. A sample frame contains a single sample for each channel. So if there are 1,000 sample frames in a stereo file, this means there are 1,000 left-channel samples and 1,000 right-channel samples.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 184
def current_sample_frame
  @data_chunk_reader.current_sample_frame
end
each_buffer(sample_frame_count=4096) { |read(sample_frame_count)| ... } click to toggle source

Reads sample data of the into successive Buffers of the specified size, until there is no more sample data to be read. When all sample data has been read, the Reader is automatically closed. Each Buffer is passed to the given block.

If the Reader is constructed from an open IO, the IO is NOT closed after all sample data is read. However, the Reader will be closed and any attempt to continue to read from it will result in an error.

Note that sample_frame_count indicates the number of sample frames to read, not number of samples. A sample frame include one sample for each channel. For example, if sample_frame_count is 1024, then for a stereo file 1024 samples will be read from the left channel, and 1024 samples will be read from the right channel.

sample_frame_count

The number of sample frames to read into each Buffer from each channel. The number of sample frames read into the final Buffer could be less than this size, if there are not enough remaining.

Examples

# sample_frame_count not given, so default buffer size
Reader.new("my_file.wav").each_buffer do |buffer|
  puts "#{buffer.samples.length} sample frames read"
end

# Specific sample_frame_count given for each buffer
Reader.new("my_file.wav").each_buffer(1024) do |buffer|
  puts "#{buffer.samples.length} sample frames read"
end

# Reading each buffer from an externally created IO
file = File.open("my_file.wav", "rb")
Reader.new(file).each_buffer do |buffer|
  puts "#{buffer.samples.length} sample frames read"
end
# Although Reader is closed, file still needs to be manually closed
file.close

Returns

Returns nothing. Has side effect of closing the Reader.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 99
def each_buffer(sample_frame_count=4096)
  begin
    while true do
      yield(read(sample_frame_count))
    end
  rescue EOFError
    close
  end
end
format() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns a Format object describing how sample data is being read from the Wave file (number of channels, sample format and bits per sample, etc). Note that this might be different from the underlying format of the Wave file on disk.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 176
def format
  @data_chunk_reader.format
end
native_format() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns a Format object describing the sample format of the Wave file being read. This is not necessarily the format that the sample data will be read as - to determine that, use format.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 162
def native_format
  @data_chunk_reader.raw_native_format
end
read(sample_frame_count) click to toggle source

Reads the specified number of sample frames from the wave file into a Buffer. Note that the Buffer will have at most sample_frame_count sample frames, but could have less if the file doesn't have enough remaining.

sample_frame_count

The number of sample frames to read. Note that each sample frame includes a sample for each channel.

Returns

Returns a Buffer containing sample_frame_count sample frames Raises UnsupportedFormatError if file is in a format that can't be read by this gem Raises ReaderClosedError if the Writer has been closed. Raises EOFError if no samples could be read due to reaching the end of the file

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 121
def read(sample_frame_count)
  if @closed
    raise ReaderClosedError
  end

  @data_chunk_reader.read(sample_frame_count)
end
readable_format?() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns true if this is a valid Wave file and contains sample data that is in a format that this class can read, and returns false if this is a valid Wave file but does not contain a sample format supported by this class.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 169
def readable_format?
  @data_chunk_reader.readable_format
end
total_duration() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns a Duration instance for the total number of sample frames in the file

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 155
def total_duration
  Duration.new(total_sample_frames, @data_chunk_reader.format.sample_rate)
end
total_sample_frames() click to toggle source

Returns

Returns the total number of sample frames in the file. A sample frame contains a single sample for each channel. So if there are 1,000 sample frames in a stereo file, this means there are 1,000 left-channel samples and 1,000 right-channel samples.

# File lib/wavefile/reader.rb, line 191
def total_sample_frames
  @data_chunk_reader.total_sample_frames
end